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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li1613\fi0\ri0\sb544\sa0\tx3776 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-18\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 272{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw2 LITERATURE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1609\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx8014 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 impression the brilliant literary coterie of Candragupta II\line \expndtw14 Vikramaditya's court created in the popular mind,\line \expndtw7 Its most shining light was, of course, Kalidasa, the\line famous poet and dramatist, who was perhaps a native\line \expndtw9 of Malwa.\super 1\nosupersub  Unfortunately, his date is still open to\line \expndtw3 doubt, and some scholars persist in the view that he was\line \expndtw6 living in 57 B.C. But there are strong grounds to be\-\line \expndtw2 lieve that he flourished in the Gupta age, and that he was\line \expndtw4 a contemporary of Candragupta II or Kumaragupta I.\line \expndtw5 Indeed, an allusion to the conquests of the former may\line \expndtw2 be detected in the exaggerated description of Raghu's\line \expndtw-2 "digvijaya" in the \i Ragbuvamsa. \i0 Another epic poem\line by Kalidasa is the \i Kumdra-sambhava, \i0 while the \i Edtusam-{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 \\}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx6397 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 hdra \i0 and the \i Meghadfita \i0 present two excellent example?,{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 '}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1609\fi0\ri842\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 of lyrical poetry. Of his plays, we know the \i Malavikdg-\expndtw0 nimltra,, Vikratmrvasl \i0 and \i Sakuntald^ \i0 the last being so \expndtw2 superb as to win the appreciation of the greatest literary \expndtw1 critics of the world. Although eclipsed by the genius of \expndtw2 Kalidasa, there were many other poets of repute during \expndtw0 the Gupta times. Harisena and Vatsabhatti, contempora\-\expndtw1 ries of Samudragupta and Kumaragupta II respectively, \expndtw0 have left to us their compositions permanently incised on \expndtw1 stone. Presumably to the same period belong Visakha-\expndtw-2 datta, author of the \i Mttdrd-rdksasa\sub 9\nosupersub  \i0 the lexicographer \expndtw-1 Amarasirhha\sub 3\nosupersub  who wrote the \i Amarkosa* \i0 the celebrated \expndtw2 physician Dhanvantari; and the great Buddhist scholars \expndtw4 whom we have mentioned in the preceding para. \expndtw11 Furthermore, the Brahmans now retouched and \expndtw3 rearranged their literature in order to bring it into har\-\expndtw1 mony with the feelings of their growing followers, and \expndtw6 strengthen their hold over them. The \i Purdnas, \i0 which}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li1595\fi382\ri857\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  \i Nagpur University journal, \i0 no. 5, Dec., 1939, pp. 1-22- Mr. \expndtw4 T. J. Kedar in a learned paper on "Kalidasa\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 his birthplace and \expndtw3 date" argues that the poet flourished in the Sunga times and was \expndtw1 perhaps a protege of Bhagabhadra or Bhagavata. Mr. Kedar further \expndtw7 believes that Kalidasa was "a resident of Malwa" and was born \expndtw8 at Devagiri.}\par }